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Orthotics

Orthotics (from Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field, that conservatively (without surgical involvement) treats and researches the structural and functional characteristics (including injuries and deformations) of the neuromuscular and skeletal system, also provides prophylaxis.

Orthotics most often are related with individually fitted splints, less with additional adjusting of industrially produced orthosis. Orthoses are made from specific in medical technology used materials, including thermoplastics, carbon fiber, metals, elastic, fabric or a combination of similar materials. Hard materials exposed to high temperatures become easy molded and hence it is possible to make splint individually - suitable for specific patients hand shape, thus ensuring maximum comfort. Material is light, easy to clean, durable and aesthetic.

Orthotics combines knowledge of anatomy and physiology, biomechanics and engineering and also knowledge about orthotic materials and mechanical principles of making splint.

 

An orthotics may be used for:

  1. Immobilization – full fixation and restriction of movements.
  2. Mobilization – encouraging specific movements. Splints for mobilization are: static, dynamic, positioning, correction.
  3. Limited mobilization – movement (movements) restriction in a given direction.
  4. Mobilizācijas ierobežojums – kādas konkrētas kustības (kustību) ierobežošana.
  5. Compression.

Orthotics can be used: before and after surgery; to improve patients’ functional condition; as a continuous therapeutic method.

Depending from purpose and form splints are used: only at night; only at day; daily (removing few times for short period of time); for performing specific activities or features; performing hard work; in state of rest or when necessary.

During orthotics specialist searches and making out most suitable splint for each patient and patient with his/her features, wishes and needs participates in choosing one, taking into account recommendations of specialist.

Orthotics is not only technical work, it is also art!

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